Ethical Realism

September 19, 2011

Being Risk-Averse, Hedging Our Bets, and Secularism in Philosophy

Filed under: epistemology,philosophy — JW Gray @ 10:26 pm
Tags: , , , , , , ,

We should generally prefer beliefs and theories that are well justified and don’t require ambitious metaphysical or religious assumptions. “Metaphysical” beliefs are beliefs about reality, and “ambitious” beliefs are difficult to justify in a satisfying way that would lead to anything resembling certainty. We attain absolute certainty when we have a belief that couldn’t possibly be wrong. (more…)


February 25, 2010

Four Types of Justification

Whenever we provide an argument we should provide some justification for any controversial premise that our argument requires everyone to accept. We need to answer the question, “Why should anyone agree?” I will discuss four kind of justifications and the corresponding fallacies:

  1. Appeal to Authority
  2. Argument from Analogy
  3. Generalization
  4. Personal Experience (more…)

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