Ethical Realism

January 29, 2013

Is Atheism or Theism The Default Position?

Filed under: metaphysics,philosophy — JW Gray @ 8:52 am
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Many atheists say that atheism is the default position, so theists have the burden of proof. I will consider the best argument I can come up with that theism is the default position and the best argument I can come up with that argument that atheism is the default position. I believe that the argument that atheism is the default position seems a little more plausible, but I am not yet convinced that either of the arguments are rationally compelling. Even so, the arguments I will present are merely food for thought and could be considered to be a starting point when considering whether atheism or theism is the default position (or perhaps neither). (more…)

January 22, 2013

How to Have a Rational Debate

Filed under: philosophy — JW Gray @ 6:22 am
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It can be difficult to find anyone willing and able to engage in rational debate, but it is something I think we should aspire to having. Many people refuse to engage in rational debate because they find it offensive or they would rather engage in name calling. I believe that rational debate has a lot to offer. It can help us better understand how to reason properly and to develop critical thinking skills. Rational debate is important to everyone who wants to know what they should believe about a controversial issue because we need to know if there’s a good argument in favor of a belief. (more…)

January 19, 2013

Logic Part 4: How To Make Truth Tables

Filed under: philosophy — JW Gray @ 1:07 am
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Truth tables are an important tool for evaluating statements and arguments. We can create our own truth tables using following steps:

  1. Translate statements of ordinary language.

  2. Break all complex statements into smaller parts.

  3. Determine how many columns are required.

  4. Determine how many rows are required.

  5. Determine the truth values of statement letters.

  6. Determine the truth values of complex statements.

I will illustrate how to follow these steps by using an example. In particular, I will show how we can make a truth table of an argument to find out if the argument is logically valid. (more…)

January 14, 2013

Logic Part 3: Truth Tables

Filed under: philosophy — JW Gray @ 7:15 am
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Truth tables are visual aids to help us determine all the truth value possibilities of various statements. Learning about truth tables can help us better understand logic. Truth tables are used to define logical connectives, and to help us identify various distinctions (such as tautologies, self-contradictions, consistent statements, equivalent statements, and valid arguments).

(more…)

January 8, 2013

The Top 10 Posts on Ethical Realism from 2012

Filed under: philosophy — JW Gray @ 4:22 am
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2012 was Ethical Realism’s most successful year and I believe that is partially because some of my new articles were much more popular than usual. Other people linking to my material was a great help, and was greatly appreciated. What were Ethical Realism’s ten best articles in 2012? I suggest the following: (more…)

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