Some philosophy students are clueless about how to take philosophy notes, but taking notes can be essential to understanding philosophy. I recommend that you take notes whether you are taking a philosophy class or reading a philosophy book. In order to take good notes, you’re going to have to learn what is important in philosophy. Here are some things to look for in a lecture or book that you should be putting in your notes:
You need to know what the words mean. If you hear any word that you don’t know, you should write it down and look it up when you get a chance.
2. The Arguments
Arguments are the meat of philosophy. You should know the arguments that are given. You should know why an intelligent person might agree with the argument, if possible. You should also know why an intelligent person might disagree with it.
3. Your Questions
Write down any questions you have. This will help you (a) wait for the question to be answered, (b) ask the question to the professor (during office hours if necessary), (c) do your own research to try to answer the question. One of the best resources for research is the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
4. Page Numbers
You should write down the page numbers for where vocabulary, importat quotations, and arguments are given. This will help you write your essays later, or just to look back at any text you forget or have a difficult time with.